Lifestyle, microbiome and cardiometabolic healthProf. Dr. Wojciech Marlicz, Consultant Gastroenterologist, FACG, FRCPE, Department of Gastroenterology, Pomeranian Medical University, Szczecin (Poland)
According to World Health Organization it is estimated that more than 53% of the adult population in Europe are overweight or obese, who have increased risk of death and chronic disability due to hypertension, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, or cancer. The link between lifestyle, microbiome and cardiometabolic health has been well documented. Human microbiome is involved in energy harvest from food as well as development and regulation of immune, nervous, and hormonal systems. Microbes are responsible for the maintenance of gut brain axis and gut vascular barrier function, which perturbations are commonly seen in patients with obesity, metabolic syndrome and other gastrointestinal and extraintestinal disorders. Microbiome studies open new perspectives in the diagnosis and management of weight and metabolic related disorders.